A Datasheet is a resource document created by Enable Me Access to help provide a general understanding of accessibility features of buildings. The following data sheets are condensed versions of these standards and aimed at general awareness rather than comprehensive
Accessibility Standards Explainer Manual
This is a comprehensive illustrated manual on all the accessibility-related clauses in the National Building Code. It is available on order from our products page.
Laws and Standards
The laws and standards relating to physical accessibility for persons with disabilities are listed and described in brief. Some critical quotes from the laws give an idea of the extent and force of law available for PwD and their advocacy groups.
Sample Equal Opportunities Policy with Forms
A sample of an Equal Opportunities Policy with an Annexure containing a typical Self Declaration Form. Every establishment, whether privately owned or government local body, must incorporate an EOP in its HR operating policies.
The site should have information near the entrance to provide directions and locations of facilities. Accessible facilities for PwD must be clearly displayed in a visual and tactile format.
Alighting Point and Pathways
The Aligning Point is nearly always the main barrier to accessing a building. Here we can face many obstacles such as paths without kerb ramps, stairs without handrails, missing ramps, and lack of signage as well as some serious hazards to the visually impaired including protruding or low signage, trip, and fall hazards.
Designated Parking for Persons With Disabilities is essential. If you cannot walk far or not at all, the placement of parking bays close to the main entrance is essential.
Wherever there are stepped level changes an alternative ramp or lift should be provided otherwise it will be either very difficult or impossible for PwD to get to the other levels.
Steps and Stairways
For steps and stairs, there are important features that make it possible for nearly all people to use them safely. Handrails and nonslip surfaces are amongst these features.
Would you go anywhere if you thought there was no chance that you would find a toilet? That is practically the case for most persons with physical disabilities.
A brief standards explainer on lifts covering the main dimensions, features, and requirements. It explains how the controls are provided to allow operation by the visually impaired.
Tactile Ground Surface Indicators
For Persons With Visual Impairment or who are actually blind these tactile tiles provide important safety and information clues to their environment. This saves them from potentially lethal accidents.
In this datasheet, we cover briefly the main points about signage graphic symbols, colours and contrast
Bathrooms are provided in accommodation, sports facilities and major transport hubs. In all these places accessible bathrooms should be provided. See this datasheet for the basic details required to provide these facilities.
Bedrooms are provided in accommodation, education hostel facilities and at major transport hubs. In all these places where accommodation rooms are provided 5% should be fully accessible. See this datasheet for the basic details required to provide these facilities.
A Handrail is a bar on the sides of the stairs or ramps. A handrail is grasped by the hand to provide stability and support while climbing or descending the stairs or a ramp.
Surfaces are so important for all PWD. This is such an important feature that it is mentioned 21 times in the building standards! This is a comprehensive manual on accessibility that clearly illustrates the standards for accessibility that are found in Annexure B of the National Building Code.
The way PWD interact with furniture, fittings and controls needs to be understood so that these features are properly shaped, provided at suitable heights and given sufficient manoeuvring space around.